If turkeys are from North America, then why are they named after the country of Turkey?

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235 Responses to Turkey

  1. jp says:

    great lesson, great hat, dress not so much like my least favorite so far, i’m beginning to think that at some point you got a lesson on movements and facial expressions for the camera, or maybe it was just a progression, you get better every time it seems.

  2. cufan71 says:

    :cool: Word Request
    :?: To chop & the little cubes that are used in games :?:

  3. russp3 says:

    I would like to request the word [bunghole]

  4. filipe coronel says:

    Hello Marina, i’m your big Brazilian fan and i want to know what’s the origin of the word [girlfriend]. beijos

  5. nealsxj says:

    Hey marina,
    I moved up to philadelphia, PA about 2 months ago and started working for this russian company. We sell saunas and other luxury items. (www.luxstores.com) Anyways, I have been a subscriber for awhile now and thought it was crazy that i would work in a place where i am the ONLY american. Everyone there speaks russian, so I pick up bits and peices of what they are saying. So I keep hearing them talk about [borsch] (spelling?), i think it is a soup but i dont know. I try to tell them about this russian girl on the internet (you) and they just think i am crazy. I thought it would be cool to show them that you are real, lol. They are from all over: st. petersburg, moscow, bella russian, russia, ukraine, and eusbecastan?

  6. gullwingarmy says:


  7. pwnt says:

    I would like to know the origin of [Apostrophe]. Thanks.

  8. okay4now says:

    Hwk: Mostly turkey for Thanksgiving & ham for Christmas.

    Marina, do you like fishsticks?

  9. jtfrich says:

    Marina: Love what you do. Smart girls rule! (from one to another)

    I would like to request the phrase [goody two-shoes]

  10. leonard says:

    [orbs] :lol: :lol: :lol: Food and thanks…The ultimate Thanksgiving meal: Turkey, duck and chicken…4 next year…[turducken]…[orbs]…. :o sleep and sheep===keep and peep

  11. edikscorpius says:

    Don’t worry, I even don’t know a lot of things about your culture and country….. But you was very near, “muli” is the grandfather of “mole poblano”; and I imagine that you said mole poblano because poblano style of cusine is one of the most famouse mexican cousine in USA. In NY the majority of mexicans who live in there are from Puebla, they are poblanos. Many americans belive that mexican food is “poblano”, specialy NY people, they say “quesadillas poblanas”, “tortillas poblanas”, all for them are “poblano”…… By the way, I’m learning russian language, the next saturday I’ll go to an event organized by the russian embassy, and the sunday I’ll go to a russian restaurant with my partners of russian class, what dish do you recommend to me? I like palmienis and holodetz, but… what another dish is tasty????

    • Evan Owen says:

      You MUST try the “борщ” with sour cream, it’s delicious! :razz: Served cold, it’s like Russian gazpacho. Sort of. Well, maybe not. :roll:

    • leonard says:

      do you mean these?Food is a GooD thing :smile: 12.01.2005

      A Tasty History

      :P Russian “bachelor food:”
      frozen pelmeni.

      By Josh Wilson
      Pelmeni are one of the most ancient of traditional Russian foods and have born many names through the centuries. Most historians agree that they originated in Siberia and were probably named by the Komi, a people indigenous to the Urals. In their native tongue, “pelnyan” means “dough-ear,” a reference to the food’s half-circular shape. When the word crossed into Russian, it changed a bit (as most words crossing language barriers do) to “pelmen,” whose proper plural in Russian is “pelmeni.” In English they are known most often only in the plural, perhaps because it is nearly impossible to eat just one of the juicy morsels.

  12. dupsie says:

    why do all her thumbnails show WAY more cleavage than any of her recent videos do?

  13. mythman says:

    Dear HotForWords, so-difficult it must be to be so beautiful, full investigation is impossible … so ugly me does some for you

  14. fglrx says:

    I’ve recently found somewhere a blog entry about Hotforwords, which seemed to be written by a guy introducing himself as an American who moved from Boston to Krakow in Poland to teach English to Polish people. The entry was large, so I thought it might be a deeper analysis, but after reading that, it made me sad and even disgusted. The guy obviously appeared not to be an intellectual giant, he wrote somehow weirdly, although that thing infested my mind with many doubts.

    • fglrx says:

      That’s the quotation – a weird, inconsistent mix of slight praise and absurd insinuations:

      This post is about a curious girl from Russia named Marina Orlova who has a website called hot for words. Despite some bias comments in this blog post about her I would give Marina and her blog and Youtube channel HotforWords two thumbs up. I think she promotes languages and gets people into language learning, I like it and her for her love of languages.
      Who is Marina Orlova

      Marina Orlova is a Russian girl who studied languages and English in Russia. She has a master’s degree and getting her PhD in the US she is 28, born December 10th 1980.

      I respect this girl’s love for languages. I particularly love her etymological interests. This is one of my passions also.

      What makes her so special? Nothing. She is in my opinion a normal looking (maybe below average) Russian girl. She is not that pretty in fact. I am an American living in Eastern Europe and all the girls look like that, well most of them. And even if not, what does it matter. Every girl no matter what she looks like is beautiful and a princess. I truly believe this. The difference is with Marina Orlova is she markets herself well.

      People will say are you kidding Mark? Marina is an amazingly sensual Russian girl. I say not really, she is all marketing, like most stars. However, I live in Eastern Europe.

      Marina Orlova is a YouTube hit, I can not deny this. Her Youtube videos have 250 million views, and I am sure those views do not have an interest in languages.

      I have some YouTube videos and none of them fly as high as hers, it is because of her looks.

      She is one of the all time most popular Youtube actresses. Her focus is languages. She combines languages with looks. Hence the title of her website HotForWords. People like this combination of beauty and intelligence.

      Марина Орлова has a program and makes a new video twice a week. I personally find it boring because it is too much cream not enough milk. However, in all fairness I think part of young and modern Russian culture is Russian girls like to show up and show off, however, not all of them. But Whether I am in Egypt or Greece I have observed Russian girls on the beach striking the pose like they are some super model.

      My general view about Marina’s HotforWords:
      Marina Orlova is too flashy for me. Too much make up and looks too artificial. I can not watch more than five minutes. Even a few minutes is painful for me to watch on my computer. I do not like girls who try to be tempting even if it is for show.
      I prefer simple, humble Russian girls from the countryside, not some post Soviet Moscow girl with fake hair and maybe other parts? Therefore, for me she is annoying because she is the opposite of what I think is sensual in a women.
      However, Hotforwords does spark one’s interest in the origin, and use of words. Further it is a form of art. Therefore is not all that bad and this is why I would give her and her video blog an other all positive rating.

      However, this is me. You maybe different. I like humble and normal. She puts herself out there as some blonde symbol of Aphrodite. I understand it is business so I will not knock her. Further, she is not doing any hard but in fact promoting language learning.

      The people have spoken and she is a hit on YouTube so I recommend you watch her videos and evaluate it for yourself. I would be curious about your feedback, so leave me a comment.

      I think YouTube by the way is great entertainment but in now way a good way to learn a language, it is too showy and chaotic. Maybe if your a child its good exposure to languages but not for serious study.

      I would have imaged she got a student Visa to study in the US. However, she is running a rather large profitable website so I do not how she does it. The USA is not just giving out Visas or green cards or citizenships, just because you look good.

      It appears she has organized a limited partnership called HotForWords, LLC in of all places Beverly Hills, CA. Therefore I think the is more to the story than some simple Russian girl who has a passion for words. I imagine she has a sponsor. Perhaps she start by her self but at this point there are people behind the operation and it is a well thought out well planned honey pot.

      I imagine she meet someone who helped her out. However, I do not have this information. Her website is filled with professional contact information. She like a teacher is very well organized.
      Is Marina Orlova married?

      I think no, I think she is single. If you have any further information on the subject let me know. I also at this juncture she is done with her University degree. I think she has many guys that will try to marry her, but in my opinion a girl like that will marry some dark hair business guy in a civil marriage. This is my prediction.

      Russian girls do want a family and love so at some level almost anyone could win her heart, but I think she is a post communist soviet girl who does not care too much about religion and fairy-tale ideals. This is why I think it is will be some American businessman.

      I do not think you will really learn much from this site. But what this site does is get you interested in languages. Languages are fun. I like Marina think etymology is an important part of language learning. She has a book out. It is filled with phrase origins and suggestive puns.

      It is not a serious book, just ore for fun with a lot of pictures of herself. Can you learn anything from Hot for words? Yes I think so, but just basic random facts about the English language. It is very high schoolish. To activate your passive vocabulary you need to be more proactive than watching vocabulary and dictionary lessons from a philologist – teacher of English. Unless you want entertainment it is better to get a more serious book on English or etymology an then buy a calendar of beautiful Russian women.

      Is Marina Orlova like Chess Queen Alexandra Kosteniuk? Nothing similar. Marina is a showman or should I say show girl. Alexandra is a family girl who looks pretty and has lots of humility. Alexandra is a genius. She is a world chess champion. Alexandra really believes in the game. On the other hand, Marina just has books smarts and is marketing herself as a female geek from Moscow.

      HotForWords and Marina is in the USA for the weather

      This may be true or may be false. In Europe we have Crimea and the Greek Islands. Marina – Hot for words is in the USA to make a name for herself or maybe at least because it is fun for her. I love living in Europe as I am an American, she likes living in the USA because she is from Russia and it is fun for her to experience something new. So this is the reason she says she stayed in the USA, but I think half the world would like to stay in the USA, I think somehow there is information she is not telling us on hot for words.

      My conclusion is it is worth looking at Marina’s language blog, at least for fun.

      • muggins says:

        A reader is advised to know when to stop reading. If you read that entire piece, then the sad feeling you felt was your own fault. By the time you get to the paragraph, “What makes her so special…” and he doesn’t come up with something new or creative, it’s time to turn your attention elsewhere.

      • spelcheck says:

        Hey Muggins,I wish you had of put that post at the top of his ramblings.Your right !

    • pedanticKarl says:

      Hello fglrx my friend, how are you doing?
      I ran across that article on Nov 25 and I even talked about it with a friend of mine. I found your reaction to the article interesting, but I understand where you are coming from since I have read every one of your comments on this site as you know. (Struggle with the book, etc. )

      Here is how I saw the article.
      On my first read of the article, I had a similar reaction as yours. After I read it again, I actually appreciated that article. I don’t know how intellectual he is, but I can tell you that he was very honest, not only with himself, but in presenting the material. What I liked is that he clearly presented a personal opinion that neither denigrated Marina, nor did he apologize for his own opinion of her and he his stated in the end that it is worth looking at Marina’s language blog.

      Now, you and I might disagree with some of his assumptions, but I’m sure that you and I make errors on our fist encounters with someone that we first meet and then later find out that our fist impression is in error.

      In some parts of the article he is speculating about certain things about Marina which may or may not be true, and to which I would say that they are none of my business. In the end he thinks that somehow there is information that she is not telling us. I have no clue to what that means, and it is un-important, after all, he didn’t give me much information either about himself.

      In some parts he is projecting his own values on Marina which I think just about everyone does. After all, the values we cherish are what we live by and most of us tend to project those values on to others.

      I’m sure you understand not everybody appreciates you the same way that I do, or that your family and friends do. Why should that be any different for Marina? In fact, Marina is a lighting rod that causes reactions and stirs the emotions of people around the world in many different ways. That is a huge asset and an awesome power and responsibility to have. If she wasn’t such as lighting rod, you might never have heard of her.

      I can appreciate your last comment where you said, “… he wrote somehow weirdly, although that thing infested my mind with many doubts.”

      I didn’t find it weird at all as that is how he expressed himself in a way he knows best in context of see the HotForWords site.

      Now, here is what I find very interesting. Why would that article infest your mind with doubts? Was that article so powerful that you actually took those author’s words and perhaps those words are a reflection of how you really feel yourself? In other words, even though it appears you might be repelled by that article, I think I can see how you actually may have embraced it as if you had written it. I’m saying that in the context of knowing you from your previous comments.

      In conclusion, I can say this with firm conviction. Marina, like all of us have a public life as well as a private life. Maybe not on that scale, but when you step out of your house into your workplace or local stores, you have a public face. Don’t be so hard on judging Marina or yourself or others. Get to know someone, and getting to know Marina as much as has been possible here on this site and elsewhere has been a blast and a fantastic journey.

      If you want to erase your doubts, get to know Marina on a personal level via Twitter if you are not on it yet. Also, watch every video interview that Marina has ever done and then read every interview and I think you will have a very different view of Marina and the people that applaud and criticize her.

      It wasn’t necessary to paste the whole article here. Pasting certain parts with your comments would have been much more effective.

      • fglrx says:

        Thank you for such a long answer! It’s amazing!

        I didn’t find it weird at all as that is how he expressed himself in a way he knows best in context of see the HotForWords site.

        When I wrote weird, I meant the style of writing rather than the content. Your style is, nomen omen, so pedantic, his seems to be a bit chaotic. He started many of his reflections and broke them off in the middle of sentence.

        In some parts he is projecting his own values on Marina which I think just about everyone does.

        And I did exactly the same. I projected my feelings to that author or even something worse happened: some of the author’s thoughts were in fact parallel to my thoughts that I would be afraid to express. I saw many articles about HFW, but only in this case I experienced so strong need for posting the link on this forum. That’s cold.

        perhaps those words are a reflection of how you really feel yourself?

        You must be right then. Not all of those words, but some of them, might reflect what I feel if they were written in a more clever way, with a deeper analysis done, and only about the observed facts, without insinuations about someone’s personal life.

        In other words, even though it appears you might be repelled by that article, I think I can see how you actually may have embraced it as if you had written it

        It was even possible I felt sad not because of the critics he did, but due to the fact he was unable to criticize with some more intelligence involved in that act – he couldn’t do it at the level of e.g. your writings.

        • pedanticKarl says:

          Thank you for your kind words fglrx,
          and thank you for clarifying the meaning of your words.

          Sometimes I get in a hurry and I string words together that sometimes don’t make sense even to me when I read them the next day.

          As I mentioned before, I like reading your comments and I know that English is not your first language, but you write very eloquently and with style.

    • fglrx !

      I just read the text and I don’t find anything specially offensive about Marina.
      The text is rather good for her even if there are some critics about a certain capitalistic american system.
      I am going to go on this blog to see if there is something special in it.
      I know eastern countries and I think the text is written by a guy who know them well enough to appreciate the slavic sensuality.

      Take it cool !

      • fglrx says:

        fglrx !
        I just read the text and I don’t find anything specially offensive about Marina. The text is rather good for her even if there are some critics about a certain capitalistic american system.
        Thanks. I showed too much criticism about the article to avoid being lynched here, moreover my reaction seemed to be a reaction formation (in the psychoanalytical meaning). Now I feel more relaxed about revealing which the critical remarks I agree with.

      • fglrx says:

        to appreciate the slavic sensuality

        I venture to say that the (in)famous slavic sensuality is rather close to lack of any sensuality at all – thick-skinned, rude, vulgar, aggressive, tough people are everywhere, not all people of course, but too many of them.

    • leonard says:

      fglx, how you doing?….this what I responded back with………Hello: for some reason, we all want to feel smart. Marina makes an occurence of behavior and an enviroment mastering an oeuvre using words, and; is a “pretty plain-Jane”. Maybe we are children and with unconscious feelings play for fun——–Grand presentation to the blogger and peace to all…..leonard :razz:

  15. I know I am twisted, all way around.

    Thank You Marina,
    who spend,
    Your valuable TIME
    to learn US words not even heard of, sometimes ,,,

  16. 3 things…
    1 in love
    2 in love music


    I do concern!
    No matter what others say ,,, I do stand UP for Life!, Humans!, Ecology!
    to get this planet on line !!!

    Thanks Marina, for letting me hoover here, and spread ,,,
    I DO LOVE YOU MARINA !!! Sincere !!!

  17. roberhor says:

    social [monogamy]

  18. pedanticKarl says:

    Words are very powerful, aren’t they?
    Perhaps they can elicit greater images of desire for more information, or repel depending on the experience with some words.
    I saw the YT title change for the above video. From what I have seen and my own YT surfing, titles are a big factor in whether someone wants to view a video or not.

    Monitoring my own surfing habits on the YT Honors boards, I see the thumbnail image first, but that in of itself will not want to make me click on the video. I read the title and then check who made the video. Nine times out of ten, I can tell when it is a video made by sxephil, shaycarl and others.

    Words definitely produce powerful imagery and affects me for sure as I operate more as a visual person. I wonder if words have the same effect on people that are more kinesthetic or auditory in the same way?

  19. hkunleshed says:

    Marina i would like to know were the words {vivi la} came from, because i like this show called the simpsons and one the characters is named bart and my aunt gave me a shirt that say’s vivi la bart ;-) :smile: :razz: :lol: :grin: PS: I LOVE YOUR VIDEOS AND IM A HUGE FAN

  20. edikscorpius says:

    I’m sory Marina, but you’re wrong…. I’m from Mexico, and “mole poblano” was not invented in that time…. Even Hernan Cortes couldn’t taste it, because it was invented later in the colony time, not when Tenochtitlan was conquered. Mole Poblano is from the middle of XVII century and Cortes was in Mexico beetwen 1519 to 1547 to when he died. He could taste MULI, that is a combination of many “chiles” from Mexico, actually “muli” is a really aztec dish; “muli” if from Tenochtitlan, currently, Mexico City, and Mole Poblano is from Puebla, an state very near to Mexico City. Mole Poblano have mexican chiles and european and asiatic ingredients that spanish people bring later, and it was created by spanish nuns, who lived there….

    • HotForWords says:

      Thanks for the info. I thought perhaps Mole Poblano.. but I guess I am off by a few years :-)

    • Hola !

      You forgot to etymologize for Marina :-) !

      Moli or rather Molli is a nahuatl word as you said but it’s interesting to note that most nahuatl words have an ending -TL or -I :
      ATL “water”, COATL “snake”, COYOTL “wolf”, EZTLI “blood”, IXTLI “face”, MEZTLI “moon”. It’s a kind of sexual differenciation although we can not speak about feminine and masculine.
      Some languages have three genders (with neuter) and some others only two or even only one.

      • edikscorpius says:

        Hi… Yes, you´re rigth, in both comments, I forgot to etimologize for Marina, and the most nauatl words have an end in TL or I, the most, but not all, you may remember the words Ecatepec, or Chapultepec, when the word or postfix tepetl means hill or in these two cases, with the c at the end means in the hill of… Ehecatl means wind and Chopull means grasshopper or cricket. The C or CO in nauatl means place, or another word like AZTLA means white bird, and TLAN means original place. As you can see, nauatl words can end in another letters. MULI or MULLI (you are rigth, in nauatl double LL is not like in spanish) means STEW or SAUCE; it was made of many variety of chilies, and is the oldest ancestor of mole. I hope I’d have solved your question….

        • It’s okay !

          I just wanted to say that you seem to know a lot about nahuatl so that if you can, please try to save this language because it is worth for the world.
          It’s always a pity to see dying languages. But I know that in Mexico there are still many nahuatl speakers.
          They must fight for the survival of this very interesting language.
          Of course every language is interesting.

          • edikscorpius says:

            Thanks a lot, yes, nauatl and its variants of language are very rich and interesting languages. In my city, Mexico City, there are many nauatl speakers in the deep south and in the east of the city, but they live in a very precarious situation. Sadly, but true, the nauatl indians and their offspring live in a very poor situation. And the sadest thing is that the most of mexicans denied their spanish and indian heritage. The majority of mexicans just speak spanish. In some comunnities in the country the goverment try to keep alive the indian languages, but they just do it with the indians, not with the other mexicans. The mayor of Mexico City (he’s from the left wing, and a little socialist) try to put a program for teaching to the politics of the city and then to the children, for they can speak nauatl, and the opposition (the rigth wing) criticize this. The mexicans we need to understand that nauatl is a beauty language and we most to be proud. Thanks for the comments…

  21. saki says:

    [I would like to know why the dollars are called bucks?]

  22. D3N0 says:

    Could you check the word [Initiate] =) I LOVE YOUR VIDS<333 AND YOU TOO<3<33

  23. Venomrock67 says:

    Turkey or Ham? Neither, I like your first suggestion of having
    lobster. :smile:
    Some Rock Lobster, that is.

    [Adding insult to injury]? :o :lol: :roll:

    :arrow: LIPSTICK TRACES ;-) :cool:

  24. Evan Owen says:

    ***Word request:***

    [ENGLISH] :!:

    Too obvious, to be thus long neglected? Marina, what’s your Angle on the origin of the name of our language? :wink: And why are the English de-Pict-ed as [British]? :mrgreen: And why are some Swedes named “Englund”? (Oops — ADD moment.) :oops:

    • pedanticKarl says:

      Excellent request Evan.
      Don’t Kiel over as the angle on the angel is not lost on los ángulos as we tacitly review other strange historicalish informationish. This is gonna be a fun one. :smile:

    • Chemikal says:

      Hello Evan,

      I second that request.
      I hope she does it, but rather she will investigate seasonal words and traditions in the following lessons.

      A curiosity of mine is related to the word [hi].
      It can’t be short for Hello, since there is no “i” in there.
      Maybe it’s related to “Hey”, since many people spell it hy, with y instead of i. But hey only serves the purpose of drawing attention to yourself, and that’s far from actually making a polite hail.

      So people that say hi instead of hello, are impolite attention grabbers!? :-)

      • Evan Owen says:

        “Hi” is a more familiar form of “hello”, sort of like the difference between “tu” and “vous.”

        I’ve seen “hej” in Hrvatski, pronounced and used like “hey,” so I guess the term is in wide use beyond English. :smile:

  25. stigmatasaurus says:

    I like turkey at Thanksgiving, but I won’t turn my nose up at ham. It’s a little more traditional to have ham at Easter. :smile:

  26. I love Turkey the country and bird!! I love tri-tip steak for thanks giving very informative lesson, but the turkey must learn how to eat like the tri-tip. :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen: :mrgreen:

  27. cptbushflower says:

    my bad thinking not thing

  28. mythman says:

    Another good Nerd Word: [Fail Whale] (named for the ‘washed-up whale’ drawing Twitter uses for its 404, now nerds use it for “dead-end roads” or ‘courses of action that don’t get you what you want.’)

    Would be hot to hear you talk about the origin of [whale] in that respect too … “You know, Meg, you shave a man’s back and he’ll purr like a [walrus]” [goo-goo g`joob] ::):

  29. cptbushflower says:

    [halo] not the game but like the ring over a angle’s head and why people started thing that angels had halo’s

  30. pat haskett says:

    [Diddly Squat] [Rat's Ass] [Jack Shit]

  31. brizzy54 says:

    [you bet] or [you betchya]

  32. brizzy54 says:

    First of all will you marry me ? Okay now thats out of the way, i would like to learn why we use the phrase “you bet” or “you betchya” when we answer a question instead of saying yes. You bet is more of a question that an answer. Thanks Princess

  33. cetius says:

    I’ve always been a fan of having a [cocktail] with dinner. Just sayin’.

  34. roberhor says:

    Maximilian Carl Emil Weber was Godfather of what word?

  35. keefc2 says:

    I like Turkey, as long as it’s not too Greecey.
    Thanks for the credit teacher. :grin:

  36. roberhor says:

    Okay, here is one you haven’t done before, at least I don’t find it on your list.

    Why don’t you tell us who the worlds first [entrepreneur] was?

  37. roberhor says:

    Hey Marina, why don’t you tell us why the two western continents are called the [Americas] and not Columbia? After all they were originally named after Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo) and not Amerigo Vespucci.

  38. ibam14 says:

    I’d like to to know the meaning of [Chemistry]

  39. Che Mero says:

    Marina is this your image being used to promote other YouTube videos. Found on YT home page

    I didn’t capture the whole page let me try again. It’s your image in the thumb photo for two different videos.

    • pedanticKarl says:

      Che, that image is being used all over the place.
      In some cases it is a thumbnail to a video that talks about money.
      In other cases that tumbnail is of a stolen HFW video.
      In other cases that very same thumbnail is used as a YT profile pic.

      Obviously, I am not going to put the links here as I would be promoting those scammers.

      To grab a screen shot do the following:
      1. Push the key on your keyboard that says PRINT SCREEN
      That puts the screen image into a buffer.

      2. Open up a MS PAINT or any of your favorite image editing software, then click EDIT, PASTE or PAST NEW IMAGE or some such wording. In some cases you may have to open a blank image page, then past the image into it.

      3. Crop the image as needed to reduce size and save to a JPG.

      4. Upload image to an image server.

      Before you press the PRINT SCREEN key, make sure that you don’t have anything highlighted such as an image, since you may only capture that small region. Just click your mouse on an empty part of the page to release any highlighting.

    • pedanticKarl says:

      Che, this subject has come up several times last year.
      Trust me, Marina knows what is going on.
      She mentioned it in several comments on this site last year.
      She will be able to determine if the scammers hurt her views
      or if those scammers using her videos and thumbnails may actually be helping to promoter her. How many people learned of HotForWords via these scammer videos that would not otherwise have heard of Marnia?

  40. acethebathound says:

    Dear Marina:

    I believe the Nahuatl word you introduced us to, was pronounced Way-sho-lot-lin…(You spelt it as Huexolotlin…) the x is pronounced as sh…
    Another example of that sound is Chicxulub Bay, on the shores of which is the Resort Town of Chicxulub… Incidentally, that bay is also the place where the meteor that killed the dinosaurs crashed to earth, at the end of the Cretaceous era…

  41. petermih says:

    Hey Marina,

    I want to request the word [policy]

  42. hankhoogwater says:

    Dear Marina,

    I have a word request: What is “Kazantip”? And what is the origin of this word?

  43. quiggles says:


    I’ve been off-line for way too long. Brava on the great lessons and the additions to your site. They are wonderful! I’m headed to Blu Jam for breakfast if you are in town.

    Many thanks for your amazing work, Q :smile:

  44. Silver Dot says:

    I wanna request the word [country], by the way nice video.

  45. James says:

    I love the taste of turkey cock lol

    • leonard says:

      :smile: :-) spout of wine cask and guns are aimed and cocked; she said with snicker and belly fully toned…lol…cow teats for cream treats…Do you Islanders celebrate?…and eat turkey? Bjork & Miss Kittin…burning witches :cry: :arrow: Best video yet JAMES….Marina’s are always the best :lol:

  46. leonard says:

    France Fried Potatos … with Belgeim[sp] waffles and Dutch ….wine :razz: :smile: irish rice and Cubes[CUBA] of beans

  47. leonard says:

    hEaR is some music..Blue Rondo A La Turk – Dave Brubeck
    … that is similar to Marina’s “Weekend” :lol: Best weekend Song…[blue] makes Marina K00L!…great music and thanks both :smile:

    • muggins says:

      9/8 time. One two, one two, one two, one two three

      • leonard says:

        muggins is on time :cool: Belly Dance TURKEY – Asena, Tanyeli, Sibel Gocke, Gobek dance….Turkish dancers are known for their energetic, athletic (even gymnastic) style, and particularly, until the past few years, their adept use of finger cymbals, also known as zils. Connoisseurs of Turkish dance often say that a dancer who cannot play the zils is not an accomplished dancer. Another distinguishing element of the Turkish style is the use of the Karsilama rhythm in a 9/8 time signature, ;-) counted as 12-34-56-789. Turkish belly dance costumes can be very revealing, with the belt sometimes worn high up on the waist and split skirts which expose the entire leg, although dancers today are costuming themselves more like Egyptian dancers and wearing more modest :arrow: “mermaid”-style skirts. :razz:

  48. leonard says:

    with gravy…Mark Knopfler & Sonny Landreth – Gravy Train Live :lol: Russian dressing and Italiano too :P

  49. Evan Owen says:

    Stray questions:

    1. Did I miss the memo on “National Change-Your-Gravatar Day”? :???:

    2. Are there fewer obsessively-infatuated fans of Marina now than there used to be? At one time there were Mijj, MountainBoy, RunawayScott, and, um, the crazy Welsh dude. Seems like the regular fans are more sane these days. :|

  50. Evan Owen says:

    Marina, your videos remind me of “Jaws”: ocean horror show :mrgreen:
    (Read it out loud if it isn’t immediately obvious.) :wink:

  51. leonard says:

    The [pilgrims] were the [pioneers] and drank [Kvass] and is made by the natural fermentation of bread made from wheat, rye, or barley, and sometimes flavoured with fruit, berries, raisins or[][] birch sap[][] collected in the early spring. Modern homemade kvass most often uses black or rye bread, usually dried, baked into croutons (called suhari), or fried, with the addition of sugar or fruit (e.g. apples or raisins), and with a yeast culture and zakvaska (“kvass fermentation starter”).MARINA AND THE DIAMONDS | HOLLYWOOD
    …smoke and mirrors=smoked-drum-sticks…[continental]— :lol:

  52. Evan Owen says:


    [ham] since Marina keeps “hamming it up.” :razz:

    and some Aztec words, since Marina has just done huexolotlin:

    • leonard says:

      Hi Evan: Pre-Columbian Aztec writing was not a proper writing system, since it could not represent the full vocabulary of a spoken language in the way that the writing systems of the Old World or that of the Maya civilization could. Therefore, Aztec writing was not meant to be read, but to be told. The elaborate codices were essentially pictographic aids for memorizing texts, which include genealogies, astronomical information, and tribute lists. Three kinds of signs were used in the system: pictures used as mnemonics (which do not represent particular words), logograms which represent whole words (instead of phonemes or syllables), and logograms used only for their sound values (i.e. used according to the rebus principle).[92]…

      from here :oops: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nauhuatl :o

      The Spanish introduced the Roman script, which was used to record a large body of Aztec prose, poetry and mundane documentation such as testaments, administrative documents, legal letters, etc. In a matter of decades pictorial writing was completely replaced with the Latin alphabet… :smile:
      Many Nahuatl words have been borrowed into the Spanish language, most of which are terms designating things indigenous to the American continent. Some of these loans
      are restricted to Mexican or Central American Spanish, but others have entered all the varieties of Spanish in the world. A number of them, such as “chocolate”, “tomato” and “avocado” have made their way into many other languages via Spanish.*****”until next time***** :razz:
      …Peace to the planet and HotForWords is the [NATION] :smile:
      Likewise a number of English words have been borrowed from Nahuatl through Spanish.

  53. Che Mero says:

    Marina, you couldn’t fine anything interesting on “talk turkey”?

  54. seankim says:

    [the skinny]

    or the


    how did it become known as these phrases?

  55. pedanticKarl says:

    Ohhh yeah. Nice thumbnail above.
    Turkey breast.
    Nice touch.
    Also, love the scintillating bold background color.

    • Captain Jack says:

      Oh, I didn’t see that before. She must have uploaded it some time after I watched the video.

      I love how she outlines her photo just perfectly. :roll: That caught my attention like a school boy watching a sex education video for the first time.

    • Che Mero says:

      Hey Karl are you around? I found two thumbnails of Marina promoting different videos. Not sure if she is aware of this.

      I want to capture the page but not sure how to do it. If I put a link to it it just goes to what in on the page at present.

      Acknowledge DM on Twitter.

      • pedanticKarl says:

        Yes, I am aware of those scammer YT channels / sites and Marina I’m sure is also as I know she has been aware of the many sites and YT channels that scam her videos. In fact, someone even innocently tweeted that scammer site yesterday. It’s a two edged sword. In one way, Marina gets more exposure via a money scam and it could also siphon off views. I’ll let Marina know again.

  56. seesixcm6 says:

    Dear Marina,
    I enjoyed your video about turkeys. You look so beautiful, even though your wool skullcap hides your lovely hair. The many names for Turkeys (the bird) remind me of a story about oranges, my favorite fruit. In the 1400′s, Dutch trading ships imported oranges from China. They were so delicious, they called them Sinassappels (China’s apples). The Dutch still call them Sinassappels, but they call orange juice “Jus d’orange”, just as in France. Orange also refers to a color there. :grin:
    To answer your question, I prefer turkey over ham on Thanksgiving Day. Also, I evaluate you “Five Stars” every time I rate you, so that must give me hundreds of A+ grades! :razz:
    Tomorrow, I’ll mail you a birthday card, so it will reach you in time. I’ll write two jokes on the card, to help make your birthday happier. I wish you a Happy Birthday, Marina! :razz:

  57. boffo69 says:

    Turkey over ham! :grin:

  58. pandion says:

    Another very informative lesson; thank you.

    I like Turkey, and would gladly have some more often.

  59. pedanticKarl says:

    Hey, thanks everybody for watching the Happy Thanksgiving video and helping me prove that sex does not sell, and that turkey breasts sell just as well. LOL

    Whoo Hooo!!!!
    Turkey breasts took the lead back from Cleavage by 5,000 views. As I have been saying, it’s not about the sex, but about the meat of the subject. Oh, wait. Did I ever say that? Hmmm, maybe not. LOL

    Anyway, the Happy Thanksgiving video and Cleavage video are still duking it out. Of course, Turkey cock is coming up from behind, and it will be Happy versus Cleavage versus Cock. Ohhh, this is gonna be a good one. :mrgreen: :lol:

    Here is my previous post on watching the fight.

  60. Hs4Mm says:

    Before I forget, noticed your snicker in the very first viewing; doing your own snicker here is better than what an add-on b&b snicker would have been.

  61. swampwiz says:

    Marina, the proper pronunciation of ‘conquistador’ is кон-ки-ста-дор.

  62. swampwiz says:

    Marina, I would like to invite you over sometime to taste my turkey, cock. :razz:

  63. thoughtonfire says:

    I was a Great King of Hattusha in a Past Life.

  64. thoughtonfire says:

    The Moon is Full Tonight.

  65. heyzeus says:

    love da hat :lol:

  66. ilikesexytime says:


  67. thoughtonfire says:

    Dear Teacher,

    I recently went cold turkey off of meat. Yep! I’m a Vegetarian, again.

    But I still eat pussy, cat. Uhmm :oops:
    :twisted: :mrgreen:

  68. Che Mero says:

    Wild turkeys are mean.
    Ever cross paths with a flock you better run.
    They will attack you.

    Turkey Mole is good, I will be cooking some up soon. I have a 19 lb turkey in my freezer as we speak.
    Once the turkey is in Mole form you can freeze it in proportional containers.

  69. kenjii says:

    Hey i think i have the answer to your question on How the turkey got it’s name! Here are a few ideas :

    * It may have come from the wild turkey’s call (when it is afraid) which sounds like “turk-turk-turk”.
    * The American Indian name for the bird was “firkee”.
    * Christopher Columbus the explorer took some of the wild turkeys of North America back to Europe. people liked the meat. Merchants from Turkey(The Country) may have been trading some of these birds so they came to be called “turkey birds”.
    * Some say Columbus thought the turkey was part of the peacock family. So he decided to call them “tuka” which is the word for peacock in the language of India.

    • Hs4Mm says:

      She actually explains in the video how the turkey bird got its name.

      Peacock in most East Indian languages would be called something along the lines of “mayur”.

      Supposedly, one name the Choctaw Red-Indians have for the TurkeyBird is “fakit” (pronounced they way you think it would be pronounced); the other name they had was “cholokloha”. Once the Choctaw started learning English, they became aware of all the possible jokes based on the word “fakit”, and came up with a new word for the TurkeyBird: “akank chaaha”. I wonder what “akank chaaha” sounds like when it is pronounced … does it sound like “fakit”?!

      • kenjii says:

        Lol…the word ‘fakit’ if i would pronounce would be the ‘F’ word and a ‘it’ in front of it. Get it? :grin:

        • Hs4Mm says:

          OK; did you get this one?: :arrow:

          I wonder what “akank chaaha” sounds like when it is pronounced … does it sound like “fakit”?!

          • kenjii says:

            Maybe not , different people speak different ways . I’m a Muslim , and i know how to pronounce the word : ‘ Allah ‘ properly . But to other people from other religion or culture , they may still not know how to pronounce it even if you try to teach them . That’s just normal . If I would have to SPELL it to you on how to pronounce it , it would be like this : ‘ Awllawh ‘ .

            So I’m guessing that what i just explained at the top has some connection with the pronunciation of the word : “akank chaaha” and the word : “fakit” . So I also believe that my reply earlier about how i pronounce “fakit” may be wrong and may be pronounced differently ! :smile:
            [If this is what you're asking.... 0.o]

      • Hs4Mm says:

        Here’s the funny thing I was trying to point out: Consider saying “akank chaaha” several times. It is likely to sound like saying “choo-choo” several times; “choo choo” is the sound of steam locomotive’s horn; it is also the sound of the steam engine itself; and the steam engine is a reciprocating engine; the sounds of all reciprocating engines have a certain element in common; so saying “akank chaaha” several times would result in a sound like that of a reciprocating “engine”. The funny aspect should be clear by now.

  70. Greatest Potential says:

    :smile: With plenty of leftovers for my Katmandu

  71. CampKohler - Sacramento CA says:

    I was mesmerized by those blue tassles hanging down from the hat. There they were rubbing all around, moving this way, moving that way, around and around. Ohhhhhhhhhhhhhhh. (Excuse me while I take a moment to mop up. :oops: )

    …”to quit like cold turkey” is to do so suddenly and without preparation. If that phrase were to be created nowadays, it would probably come out, “to quit Big Mac.”

    I prefer turkey with all the fixin’s, especially with creamed pearl onions in place of gravy.

  72. originalistrick says:

    Fantastic lesson! Like a technologically updated blast from the past. You’re causing me to run out of superlatives. And mercy you look so good in blue (the eyes, the eyes…). Thanks, Marina. Love you.

  73. tonyb says:

    Marina, I love you too. A word popped out of my head 15 minutes ago [PASSIVE AGGRESSION] or [PASSIVE AGGRESSIVE}. It was in Webster’s too. We have Turkey every year we celebrate Thanksgiving. Is that blue hat of yours a Russian style peasant hat or something? My mom bought some $3.00 purple fuzzy hat once and it looked like a Russian fur hat but it was fuzzy cloth. I used to nickname her MOTHER RUSSIA at times and she did not like that as she is anticommunist and born and raised in Kentucky.

  74. doncross2bear says:

    I’m a ham man myself, but I can deal with turkey as long as it’s not too dry. Turkey is very good smoked or, if the chef has the fortitude, deep fried (dangerous business for the rookie). Loved the video, Teacher. Still catching up on my lessons and decided to work chronologically from the earliest. Although you warned that the earlier videos were rough, I find them charming as well as enlightening. Love to Teacher, dc

  75. Hs4Mm says:

    I think it is only in America that the “common domesticated fowl” is called a chicken. In the Indian sub-continent, there are eggs, which hatch into chickens (not chicks); and chickens grow up to be hens or cocks; hens are mainly used for eggs, and cocks are mainly used for their meat. So one would have cock for dinner.

    So “cock” could form a word referring to a bird that gets eaten; so Turkey-Cock is short (not for “male bird from Turkey” but) for “the bird from Turkey that is eaten”.

    • neuroway says:

      So tandoori cocks are eaten for dinner in India then?

      • Hs4Mm says:

        I am not aware of any common word in an Indian language that denotes either hen or cock. Hens are eaten too, but I think in the absence of a common word for hen and cock, cock would be used to signify a bird that is intended for eating. In Ceylon, people, while speaking in English, did speak of eating cocks. The “Turkey-Cocks” the English purchased form Turkey weren’t largely male-birds but were birds largely intended for consumption.

    • Hs4Mm says:

      The OED on the use of “chicken” to denote “a domestic fowl of any age”:

      1827 Harvard Register May 84 Some students were ‘hooking’ chickens.

      1887 Scribner’s Mag. May 622/1 The farm people had all retired with the chickens long before.

      1908 Westm. Gaz. 24 Jan. 3/1 It is a disastrous betrayal of middle-class origin to speak of a ‘chicken’ as a ‘fowl’. Whatever the age of the bird, the word must always be chicken.

  76. Ash Gary says:

    I have one question that took me ages to find the answer of it, but unfortunately i didn’t got it.
    Since I am not from an English speaking country. I would like to know the meaning of the word ” PUSSY “.
    Why we call cats by this name as well as the women’s reproductive organ, and where it came from and what are the differences between them.
    I would be grateful if you answer my question.
    BTW you are very beautiful I would like to go on date some day ;-)

  77. Capman911 says:

    I love the videos. It’s brings back memories of why I joined HotForWords in the beginning. The music and comments from YT add a great touch to the ending. Thanks for going cold Turkey at You Tube standards. :smile:
    Home Work. I like a fried Turkey for Thanksgiving, but would prefer a ham or Prime Rib for Christmas.

  78. Hs4Mm says:

    Is there a language in which the CountryTurkey is called by a word that has the word for the EasternCountryIndia in it, perhaps “The land from where one can buy the India-bird?”

  79. Rijk says:

    nice vid, but i am still on homework strike!

  80. cufan71 says:

    :cool: Homework Great lesson Marina! I prefer a Honeybaked Ham over turkey :!: YUMMY :!: :grin:

  81. leonard says:

    16th Century nuns from the Convent of Santa Rosa in Puebla de los Angeles, upon learning that the Archbishop was coming for a visit, went into a panic because they had nothing to serve him. The nuns started praying desperately and an angel came to inspire them. They began chopping and grinding and roasting, mixing different types of chiles together with spices, day-old bread, nuts, a little chocolate and approximately 20 other ingredients..
    :smile: mo-le_poblanoI know a problem(me) :lol: All fowl are hatch, but not like the eggs of turtles(burried), ect….

    What came first? The Cock or Hen?

    :???: …The Generic Empire of the islands[][])([][] off Europe is the production of……. ;-) [merChants…mermurs”TurKeys-_-TweeTs” :razz:

  82. pat haskett says:

    Turkey for Thanksgiving. Ham for Easter I like both on toasted wheat bread with butter, lettuce and mayonnaise.

    • leonard says:

      Turkey in the Straw- Chicken Reel @pat haskett… great jazzAlways rolling in the staw :lol: …Turkey burritos with(sause) mole paste…[brEAd]…

      • CampKohler - Sacramento CA says:

        Why is Turkey in the Straw played by ice cream trucks? I have one of the players that consists of a music box mechanism driven by an electric motor (vs. wind-up), a mic, and an amplifier. Even with the newer models that are all electronic, you can still select that tune.

        • pat haskett says:

          I have one of those trucks driving around my niegborhood all summer. A couple from India have the buisness. After three months, the song burns into my skull and I really begin to dislike it. But maybe sitar music doesn’t sell ice cream and for some unkown reason Turkey in the Straw does. I think it would be really cool to have the truck pull up playing music from India.

  83. neuroway says:

    Hmm.. I believe these birds were also called glouglous for a brief period of time circa 50 BC. I wonder why this hasn’t be mentionned in the lesson.

  84. leonard says:

    Grandest job yet…AMERICA loves Marina and HotForWords…The birds will fly straight up and into anything in their (there you go) way…mental like people are these birds :lol: …

    Marina : when you make my sandwich; put both ham and cold turkey, with Russian dressing and then I tell you…. :lol:

    ….[continental]…[ham] like Marina knows how to ham it up to make her students “think” :P

  85. muggins says:

    The word cock has certainly gone through changes over the last 200 years. It’s a powerful slang word, nowadays, which seems to have trumped all other meanings of the word. It’s worth it, though. Nothing like a good slang word.

    • leonard says:

      “If a thing is worth doing, it is worth doing slowly . . . very slowly.” – Gypsy Rose Lee….

      from the number ONE—wEB-SITe—

      ….I first cut the birds wings off(after it is dead)–then make soup of the wings and then make sure, the part that goes over the fence last is clean :o ….then slow cook–_–[bake]-[boil]-[fry] :lol:

  86. hitoshi says:

    were there two confusions over the changes of the name of turkeys? first, spaniards brought them back to Europe from the US and called them indian birds because the US was thought to be india at that time? second, the british merchants trading around Europe took them back to England and the animal started to be called turkey cocks because turks had sold them to England? today’s lesson got me confused.

  87. tayljim says:

    By the way why do we say (SICK AS A DOG)?

  88. cirdan says:

    I would like to know the origin of the usage of [boa] as a fashion accessory that is often made from feathers.

  89. fglrx says:

    Hamwork Homework: I like ham, but it also might be turkey ham instead of pork ham (I don’t know the typologies of meat, so loin or sirloin, or something is equal to the ham for me). But a beefsteak is also good, even if made from pork or turkey meat. Not for Thanksgiving, of course, because I’m not American, so I don’t celebrate Thanksgiving.

  90. Bob says:

    The Owl and the Pussy-Cat appreciated the Turkey who lives on the hill.
    [runcible] – anything to do with [runcinate]?

  91. Captain Jack says:

    Homework: Both are served in most dinners that I have been too. I eat what’s been put in front of me. If I refuse then I go hungry and get this, punished for not eating everything that was served. That was the law when I was a child. I later discovered that I was not the only one to get this kind of treatment. In fact one reason many Americans are fat is because of this stupid idea. I wonder how this idea of eating everything on you plate got started in the first place?

    Great video Marina. :mrgreen: Very entertaining and captivating. I like the longer and informative video. The old 97 second videos are a rip off of what could have been. I guess those are lost forever… :cry:

    • pedanticKarl says:

      the idea of eating everything on your plate has its roots in many cultures and originated in many different periods in history.

      Specifically, the culture in which I grew up, eating everything on your plate has it’s roots in the depression of the 20s and 30s. For many people, food was not easy to come by, spoiled readily and meals had to be thought about many days in advance.

      Life revolved around food and it was a precious commodity, so, to leave anything on the plate would be an insult to the people that not only cooked and prepared it, but to anyone that struggled to put a meal on their table.

      The idea that Americans are fat due to the idea of eating everything on a plate sounds good, but it is false.

      First, the portions of food that are served today are humoungous. Everything is supersized. These supersized meals could serve 2-4 people in the depression.

      Second, not only were meals much smaller 20+ years ago, but people were more active. They didn’t sit at computers and before TV, people were even more active.

      Third, genetics at a given time in one’s life is a big factor in relation to how much food one takes in and how much exercise one needs. As one gets older, one needs less food, but food has become a friend to many people and they eat more, therefore getting fat.

      Fourth, you talked about this before and this is the most important subject, sugar. We are being poisoned with sugar and the increase in diabetes is an indicator of that. Coffee and sugar were expensive commodities in the depression and many years after that. Many people rationalize that other sugars other than white sugar is OK to have, when all sugars in the amounts we take in are very unhealthy.

      So, eat up, don’t leave a morsel on your plate as there are starving children in Africa. Another story told by people to get you to eat, indicating that there are people around the world that have much less.

      In some cultures, if I remember correctly, it is impolite to eat everything on your plate. It is polite to leave something on your plate. I think that is part of the Chinese or greater Asian culture?

      • Greatest Potential says:

        In some cultures, if I remember correctly, it is impolite to eat everything on your plate. It is polite to leave something on your plate.

        perhaps that’s why at many restaurants there’s a sprig of parsley placed as a garnish on plates of served meals so the patrons may eat everything on their plate and leave the parsley as a sort of after thought.

        • Captain Jack says:

          It’s purely for presentation. It’s to add color to make the food look more appetizing.

          For example, I’ve screwed up many times in cooking for passengers. One trick I learned was to kick up the presentation (decorating the food) and it would pass off as a great meal. Even getting complements. This was a great shock to me.

          There are three major parts of makes a meal good. Visual, aroma, and taste. Oh and sometimes texture. The first two are most important. Most people don’t know what good taste is. If you smoke you really don’t have a clue how food should taste.

          Have you every had the onion that tastes like an apple experiment tried on you? That’s a good example how sight and smell are very important in cooking.

          That give me an idea. I should make an onion pie and tout it off as being an apple pie. I think I can do it.

      • Captain Jack says:

        Oh I forgot about that one of starving children in Ethiopia. That was used quite often.

        I’m still sticking to my idea that being forced to eat everything on your plate is a contributor to weight gain in the US. My sister and I have talked about this before and we both found many people had this same issue. This was a common practice even up to the mid 80′s. What really sucked is that I was that in my second half of my childhood life, I was raised in an upper middle class family. Food was not a problem. We had steak about every night.

        In my second quarter of childhood life, I was raised in poverty. I’m talking about so poor we didn’t have indoor pluming. I remember the (two seater) outhouse very well. Back then, there was no requirement to eat everything on my plate. That was just the late 70′s. Now I know my life style might just be an isolated event, but I later found out that in high school that many of my friends were chastised for not eating everything on their plates. It was like there was something said on TV or the Newspaper that got many people to practice forcing kids to eat more.

        Yeah sugars are a big thing. Sodas are a big problem these days. I don’t drink soda that often. About a week ago I a hamburger, fries and a coke. The coke tasted nasty. I poured it out and had just water. I’m shocked that it tasted so bad. I used to drink that like it was water.

        What’s even worse is our new so called Healthy Energy drinks. They put in lots of vitamins at toting them off as better for you. All they really are doing is taking a really bad drink and cramming in a few vitamins or herbs and stating it’s healthy for you.

        Something new (well not that new) has been introduced in our drinks. A sort of new sugar that seems ok but research is showing that it can be worse than High-fructose corn syrup. It’s called Crystalline Fructose.

        High fructose corn syrup often contains about 55% fructose (the rest is glucose), crystalline fructose is the result of several extra processing steps which yield a product that is close to 100% fructose. (According to federal standards, crystalline fructose is, by definition, at least 98% fructose; the remaining fraction is water and minerals.) From a food-manufacturing perspective, a nearly pure-fructose sweetener is advantageous because it’s up to 20% sweeter than sucrose, or table sugar. That extra sweetness also means crystalline fructose adds fewer calories to a sweetened food or drink compared with table sugar or high fructose corn syrup (it’s 5% sweeter than the syrup). This is why it’s often included in drinks marketed to more health-conscious consumers.

        So why is this bad? Some researchers speculate that fructose itself may be responsible for the current high rates of diabetes and obesity. The theory: Because fructose doesn’t trigger insulin secretion, the body doesn’t register that its energy needs have been met, leading the body to crave more and more food.

        Consuming pure fructose may have other strikes against it. A 2005 study by researchers at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City showed that consuming more than 25 grams of fructose a day often causes gastrointestinal distress, including stomach pain and diarrhea. The majority of American adults consumes more than 50 grams daily, mostly through corn syrup added to processed foods and drinks.

        It doesn’t matter if it’s fructose, glucose or sucrose. Do you really want to be consuming all that extra sugar? Read the label people! Crystalline Fructose is Sugar! Your being brain washed thinking it’s better for you because it’s lower calorie.

  92. mukmika. says:

    Some people I worked with were always referred to as ‘turkeys’. This great lesson explains why!

  93. Marina !

    I wrote a love song for you http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcVZk5oNwXs&feature=response_watch (the lyrics are secret) and many people wrote the song is s..t !!! :oops:

    I am completely desperate !!!

    Your French admirateur :oops:

  94. Bob says:

    Hey, Evan, I think Marina has finally caught our punning virus. :grin:

  95. smokey36bear says:

    Homework: I like Turkey. Not a big fan of pork, unless it is in strips I like to call BACON Mmmmmmmmmmmmm Bacon. Great now I’m hungry and I have to go to bed. I could take some to bed with me to munch while I fall asleep, but the worst thing to sleep in besides cracker crumbs is bacon grease.

  96. pedanticKarl says:

    Marina, take a look at the onscreen text “Turkey” at 3:09
    One recommendation is to blur text shadow by maybe 3-7 pixels. Test it to see how it looks. Also, when the text shadow is black and there is competing black surroundings, then I lighten the black to gray. The other smaller onscreen text was OK.

  97. fglrx says:

    I must quit my Internet addiction cold turkey, other methods appeared ineffective. :cry:

  98. James says:

    It’s your birthday soon. What do you want? X it will be late I am afraid

  99. James says:

    I love the calendar pic for december it’s really nice. I don’t think the fur was cut out too well though. Beautiful , I hope you have one for next year

  100. pedanticKarl says:

    Ohhhhh my gawd Marina, I loved this video!!!!
    Damn, that was awesome.
    Loved the closeups of your sister.
    Too many things to mention.
    I’ll have to watch it again.
    Excellent video!!!
    We had lunch catered at work the day before
    Thanksgiving and I had turkey and lots of ham.

  101. animalntaz says:

    Well, at least it is better than being hungry in Hungary or getting any germs in Germany. :mrgreen:

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Not your typical philologist! Putting the LOL in PhiLOLogy :-)